September 09, 2022 4 min read
Door stops are one of the most functional and necessary items in home hardware. Door stops are intended to keep your door knobs and door levers from impacting the wall behind the door, and inflicting damage on the drywall. In some cases, they may prevent the door itself from banging into a cabinet, countertop, or even a toilet. There are very few situations in which a door stop is not needed, and this applies to both interior doors and exterior doors.
There are four primary types of door stops:
Regardless of type, door stops are usually available in all of the most popular finishes, including satin nickel, black, oil rubbed bronze, chrome, and even brass.
The type of door stop that you need will depend on the door where it will be used, and what the door opens against. You will likely need some combination of the door stops listed above, since the situation for some doors will be different than others.
Floor door stops vary in shape and size, from "half-dome" shaped floor stops to "goose-neck" shaped floor stops. However, their function is the same, as is the situation in which you would use one.
Floor door stops will generally be used on heavier, exterior doors, and only when you can secure the door stop directly to the floor. A good example of this is with a heavier front door that may not open directly against a wall, and where the flooring is hardwood. It is important to note that floor door stops can not be used on carpet, and are somewhat difficult to install on marble or ceramic tile. Further, they are rarely necessary on lighter interior doors, where a baseboard door stop or hinge door stop can easily perform the same function.
Baseboard door stops are the most common - and least expensive - type of door stop. Baseboard door stops can be used on any door (interior or exterior) that opens parallel with (or almost parallel with) the wall, and where there is baseboard installed along the bottom of the wall.
Since it is very uncommon not to have baseboard, and since the majority (not all) of doors open against a wall, a baseboard door stop will be used on most of your doors.
Baseboard door stops of available in a variety of types, but there are two basic types of baseboard stops: solid and spring.
Spring baseboard door stops are the least expensive, and the easiest to install. These are generally sufficient for all interior doors that open against a wall, particularly if they are hollow-core doors.
Solid baseboard door stops are slightly more expensive, and are used in the same situation as a spring door stop. You may consider a solid baseboard door stop if you have solid-core (heavier) interior doors. You may also consider a solid baseboard stop if you simply like the look of them, compared to a spring door stop.
Wall door stops can be used in residential housing but are more commonly found in commercial buildings. This is because most commercial buildings do not use traditional wood baseboard, which eliminates the possibility of a baseboard door stop.
Wall door stops are installed directly on the wall, directly where the door knob or door lever would impact the wall. For this reason, they are the most "visible" of all door stops, which it not generally considered to be appealing in residential homes.
Hinge door stops are the second-most popular door stop used in residential homes, because they have the most flexibility of use.
Hinge door stops are normally used in situations where your door does not open against a wall. You may have some doors that open against a cabinet, another door, or even the toilet. In these situations, you can use a hinge stop to prevent the door from hitting whatever it will open against, to prevent damage to both the door and to the object that it would impact with.
Hinge stops are mounted on any one of the three door hinges, though they generally are installed on the top hinge. To install a hinge stop, you simply remove the hinge pin from the hinge, and then slide the hinge pin through the opening of the hinge stop. With the hinge stop pressed against the underside of the hinge pin cap, you then re-insert the hinge pin back into the hinge.
There are several variations of hinge door stops, including light-duty hinge stops and heavy-duty hinge stops.
Light-duty hinge stops should only be used on standard hollow-core interior doors. Heavy-duty hinge stops can be used on any interior door, but are specifically recommended for solid-core interior doors and heavier exterior doors.
No matter what the situation is with each door in your home, there is a door stop available that will keep your doors from damaging the walls or other objects.
Though door stops provide a specific function, they are available in a variety of finishes, so that you can coordinate them with your door hardware and door hinges.
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